The Metropolis of Greater Paris is an intermunicipal organization, based on the dense urban area, which includes 131 municipalities. Created by the law of January 27, 2014 on the modernization of territorial public action and the affirmation of metropolises, and reinforced by the law of August 7, 2015 on the new territorial organization of the republic, it came into being on January 1, 2016.
As Europe's leading employment hub and office park, the Greater Paris Metropolis is a major vector of global growth. It must take up the challenge of economic, social and cultural development, environmental protection and international attractiveness. A challenge that relies on employment, investment and innovation.
As a space for dialogue and strategic orientation for its member municipalities, the Greater Paris Metropolis must respond to a health and climate emergency. Air pollution causes 6,600 deaths per year and more than 400,000 people* are exposed to it every day in the metropolitan area. In order to improve air quality and the quality of life, the Greater Paris Metropolis is gradually implementing a Low Emission Zone.
The Metropolitan Low Emission Zone is located within the perimeter of the A86 freeway and concerns 79 communes of the Metropolis with a total of 5.61 million inhabitants. Implemented in July 2019, it limits the most polluting vehicles to certain time slots**, namely Crit'Air 5 and non-classified vehicles. Since September 16, 2020 (Decree No. 2020-1138), the municipalities and inter-municipalities included within this perimeter have been required to establish an EPZ. The second stage of the scheme consists in extending this first restriction to Crit'Air 4, 5 and non-classified vehicles as of June 1, 2021.
The gradual implementation of the Low Emission Zone (LEZ), a strategic action of the Metropolitan Climate and Energy Plan (PCAEM), is a necessary decision taken by the Greater Paris Metropolis in favor of its inhabitants.